- August 27, 2022
- Posted by: makq
- Category: curves connect review
Bee Variety Variety
Regarding 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee varieties (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was indeed stuck inside the Calanques National Park via one another websites and you can bowl pitfall choices. They belonged so you can six parents and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae try by far the most varieties-steeped household members, with Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, 49, and you can 43 types, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually this new richest genus, that have 33 kinds, while 7 genera was indeed represented by the only 1 kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [on the web merely] ). With the jackknife step 1 and 2 indexes, the entire bee kinds fullness was projected as ranging from ± nine.89 and you will ± . The new noticed fullness hence illustrated 71.step three to help you 79.6% of the projected bee richness ( Table 2). The Chao1 method estimated the latest observed fullness as 76.8% of prospective maximum richness ( Desk dos). The absolute most numerous kinds is Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 someone, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). Eventually, 50 varieties (26%) were represented of the only 1 personal (singletons).
Environment Faculties of Bees
Regarding your environmental faculties away from nesting choices, we recognized 59 solitary bee types nesting more than ground, ninety five solitary bee species nesting below ground and 23 cleptoparasitic types, comparable to 31.seven, 47.nine, and you may 12.0% of one’s full bee types richness, correspondingly. We sensed four societal kinds (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). In the end, new nesting choice from fourteen species are still not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Table step one [on the web just] ). About your floral diet off bee variety, we learned that 105 species (54.7%) foraged towards the a variety of plant variety (i.age., generalist variety, polylectic) and you will 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged on a single bush friends or you to/partners bush kinds (i.age., expert varieties, oligolectic). Towards the curves connect dating site left thirty six bee species (18.8%), the fresh new flowery eating plan wasn’t recognized (e.g., to possess cleptoparasitic kinds). But not, very generalist varieties presented a preference for one or a few plant family ( Supp Desk step one [on line just] ). With the 49 singletons, 14 bee types (28%) was in fact specialists, and you may nine bee types (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step one [on the web simply] ).
A keen IUCN status is actually designed for 178 species (excluding brand new kinds buildings and you can as yet not known types). Some of those, 47 types was classified given that study lacking (DD-26.4%), 124 species was in fact least alarmed (LC-69.6%), six species was indeed close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another variety was thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step one [on the web simply] ). About three oligolectic variety was among the 7 threatened bee species. A great. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus try experts toward Fabaceae, D. argentata was a specialist into the Caprifoliaceae.
Away from 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck during the Calanques National Park. It belonged to help you twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table dos [online only] ). By far the most abundant genera had been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 someone), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 somebody), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside the Latreille, 1828 (13 someone), while 20 variety (53%) was indeed represented by only 1 personal ( Supp Desk dos [on the internet just] ). The brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was depicted from the 20 variety, also four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [on the internet just] ). The latest estimate regarding full variety richness from hover flies and bee flies was between 83 and you will 97 species making use of the jackknife 1 and you can 2 spiders, correspondingly. Thus, the new observed richness depicted 59.8–69.9% of your estimated hover travel and bee fly fullness ( Table 2).